The Shared Book


Knowledge. Everyone seeks it; some even avoid it, but given our capacity as homo sapiens to acquire such vast amounts of it, our existence is deeply anchored to furthering the extension and attaining of it.

How is Knowledge Discovered?

The first step in discovering new knowledge is quite often taught to American students at a very young age by means of the scientific method. The scientific method is a body of techniques for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. The steps include: Asking a Question, Doing Background Research, Constructing a Hypothesis, Testing Your Hypothesis by Doing an Experiment, Analyzing Your Data, and Drawing a Conclusion, finally Communicating Your Results.

Asking a Question:

This step is sometimes regarded as one of the most difficult steps in the scientific method. Finding a topic that has been left untouched by other researchers and forming an argument as to why it is worth studying poses a great challenge. In this case, for example, we will be asking the question: why do birds fly South for winter?

Background Research:

The next step would be to do some background research. We will look at any existing studies published in our topic. In this case we will be doing an internet search on some popular databases known for birds (their physiology, history, and behaviors). After reading what is already out there and taking other researchers’ advice on whether there are areas left to be researched, we will then move on to our next step of the scientific method and that is constructing a hypothesis.

Constructing a Hypothesis:

Often regarded as the easiest step in the scientific method, constructing a hypothesis involves the researcher to form an opinion based on the previous literature on what the results that will be discovered later. The researcher is in a win win situation here and no matter if the hypothesis is found to be statistically significant or not, the researcher will still show another way not to answer their question. Thomas Edison didn’t invent the light bulb the first time he tried!

Testing your Hypothesis:

When it comes to testing your hypothesis, the researcher is free to design a method to gather data however he or she wishes. However, it must comply with the Internal Review Board (IRB) if the participants who are volunteering to be studied are human subjects. Other laws may effect the researcher depending on different national, state, county, municipal, and institutional rules and regulations. In our example we will hypothesize the reason why birds fly South for winter is because they have an internal instinct in their brains that allows them to be synced with the time of year it currently is.

We can test this hypothesis by observing birds with normal brains and birds that have been genetically modified to lack the region of the brain responsible for migration behaviors. After running the data in a statistical test, our results will show whether our experimental group was significantly different than our control. In the case that it was, we would report that the results provide evidence that further suggests our hypothesis has some validity. We never confirm our hypotheses. It takes centuries to prove something in the scientific community, and that is why sharing your results with everyone else is important, because it speeds this process up by connecting researchers with the same interest to further expand our knowledge.

With access to large databases that hold vast amounts of research and is made available to the general public, it is often found that the quality of the research is adversely affected. Online databases such as Wikipedia is one example. There is plenty of room for newer databases of knowledge (in forms of mobile app development) to be created to be shared publicly. This will allow people looking for more knowledge access to a large quantity of studies, with a higher quality (in both validity and accuracy).

The mobile app development sector is one potential area that has been left unexposed. App development Los Angeles is rising quickly and ideas are soon running out. Will the next big thing help expand our knowledge and propel us in to the future? Or are we going to continue to develop apps that keep us occupied on the toilet? Looking for the right people to app development Los Angeles; then look no further than App Makers LA, your one stop shop to all that is mobile app development, web design, marketing, and start ups.